FOI documents on High Mortality Voyage 61 make for an interesting read. Even though ASEL doesn't require ANY BEDDING for northern cattle, the exporters still load some. Interesting…..exporters aren’t known to chuck extra money at animal welfare….obvious conclusion is that they don't believe the standards are right. Bedding is necessary, at least in the hospital pens and to help prevent slipping on ramps.
And when everything goes pear-shape, as it did on the Bison Express, with soft-abraded feet on heavy cattle, the exporters have suggested that one solution will be to load more bedding. Really? Could it be that bedding is necessary? Surely not…not after 16 years of needing none….where the 26th parallel itself seems to have provided the necessary comfort!!!